Dubuque, IA United States
The Colts is a World Class junior field competition drum and bugle corps based in Dubuque, Iowa.
In 1963, after hosting drum corps shows for several years, the American Legion Post in Dubuque, Iowa, decided to start its own junior corps. Since the adult corps was known as the Dukes of Dubuque, the new junior corps adopted the name The Junior Dukes. Thirty-eight boys made up the corps; they received old bugles and drums from the senior corps.
The junior corps was a parade unit during its first two years. When the senior Dukes of Dubuque folded in 1964, Clarence Hagge, Dick Davis and Bob Buelow took over the Junior Dukes, changing the name to the Legionnaires in 1965. Initially attempting to recruit 13- to 15-year-old boys, the corps began admitting girls in the fall of 1965.
When the Parents and Booster Club was formed on November 16, 1966, the corps had 75 members, all under 17 years old. The first trophy ever won by the corps came that year, a second place in the Hazel Green, Wisconsin, parade. The Cadets were formed in the fall of 1967 as a feeder corps for the "A" corps. Sonia Hickson was its first director.
The Legionnaires were incorporated as a non-profit organization in 1968, when they fielded 83 members. 1968 was also the first full year of competition, with over some 4000 miles of travel. The corps brought home twelve trophies, including the 1968 State American Legion Junior Color Guard Championship. The City of Dubuque proclaimed the Legionnaires their "Junior Ambassadors of Goodwill" and presented the corps with the official Dubuque City flag.
The name change to the Colt .45 became official in 1968 so that the corps could perform in shows other than Legion sponsored events. That year, the Colt .45 adopted all-Western uniforms (because "they were the cheapest") and music. The corps competed in Class A with their first field drill, and won almost all of the 18 events they entered, including the Mid-American Circuit Championship and the Iowa VFW Junior Championship. The purchase of the corps’ first truck was the corps' first big investment.
In 1970, the corps was an innovator by performing the "Colt .45 Stomp,“ believed to be the first non-standard meter arrangement in drum corps history. Written in 7/4, the concept was so radical that some judges ticked the corps down for being out of step on every other downbeat.
1971 saw the Colt .45’s first national competition and the first time it performed on artificial turf, at the VFW Nationals in Dallas. The corps took first place at the American Legion Color Guard Championships.
By 1973, the corps had moved up to a fifth-place finish in the New Orleans VFW Nationals, as well as first in the parade competition. It was also the first year the corps attended the Drum Corps International (DCI) World Championships. A pro football halftime show at Soldier Field entertained 56,000 fans that fall.
In 1976 the corps dropped the “.45” from its name, citing the association with guns and beer. The Colts fielded about 105 members in 1976, and its color guard also began competing in Winter Guard International.
The corps finished 26th at the DCI Championships in Denver in 1977, but due to the disqualification of another corps, were officially ranked 25th, the first time they cracked the top 25. That may have been partially due to the new riverboat gambler uniform designs, created by Drum Corps World publisher Steve Vickers.
1978 was a watershed year for the Colts. A disappointing 27th place finish and a large membership turnover led to a consolidation of a core family philosophy, and a rededication to the proposition that hard work and sacrifice became worthwhile, not only because of the resulting self satisfaction, but also because the man beside you was working just as hard as you were. This feeling of family made every member take pride in the accomplishments of individuals: Jolene Miller-O'Toole was named Color Guard Captain of the Year by Drum Corps World.
The corps had the honor of playing for President Jimmy Carter while he was traveling down the Mississippi River on the Delta Queen in 1979. He told Drum Major Dave Kapp that the corps, "...sounded great.
In 1980 the Robert M. Buelow Award was established to honor Bob for his 17 years of service to the corps; it has since been awarded each year to the person who "contributed leadership, loyalty and personal commitment to the Colts Drum and Bugle Corps during the preceding years."
In 1981 the Colts sponsored a movie premiere ("Take This Job and Shove It") and a circus (for which the 32,000 brochures announced that sponsorship was by the 'Colts Drug & Bugle Corps'), and they purchased three used buses, promptly dubbed "Poseidon", "Lusitania", and "Titanic".
The 1982 Colts can be considered a turning point in the corps' history. An influx of new members helped the corps strengthen its family atmosphere and audience oriented shows. At the DCI Championships in Montreal the corps reached its goal of Associate Membership with an historic 24th place finish, their highest placement to that time.
The Colts were innovators again in 1983, being the first corps to march a complete concept program design for the first time in drum corps history with the "Mississippi Suite." The corps used music and props to tell a continuous story throughout the entire show. At a North Carolina show the crowd, feeling the Colts should have won, booed their second-place finish. This helped members understand that numbers and placement are less important than how they as, individuals, felt after a performance.
In 1984 the Colts became the "Kings of Swing,“ fielding drum corps’ first trap set. At the end of the season, after seven years as director, Jim Mason left to become the director of the new Star of Indiana, and, to pay back stealing him away, Star founder Bill Cook bought the corps new uniforms. Greg Orwoll took over.and remained the corps’ director for the next 26 years.
After their 16th place finish in 1985, Governor Terry Branstad proclaimed the corps "Iowa's Ambassadors of Music,” and jazz ruled the repertoire. The jazz style continued into 1989 with the largest hornline in corps history, 54 members. A record eight foreign musicians traveled to Dubuque to be a part of the 1985 Colts.
1991 saw the restructuring of the member responsibilities and approach to rehearsing and performing, while still keeping the focus of the corps values of entertaining the audience, educating the members and supporting the corps family. During this period the Colts changed their repertoire from jazz to new age literature.
As part of the corps’ 30th anniversary celebration in 1993, the Colts sponsored a parade in conjunction with the local community theatre's production of "The Music Man.” The grand marshal was Mrs. Meredith Willson. The corps that performed in the evening show participated in the parade, which was televised live and attracted the largest crowd to witness a parade in Dubuque in modern times.
The modern day Colts Alumni Association and the Colts Hall of Fame were established in 1993. The Hall of Fame recognizes those who have been a vital part of the Colts history.
The Colts thrived in the heat and humidity of Jackson, Mississippi, in 1993, and surprised everybody with a 12th place DCI finish after years of finishes in the twenties. They stayed in the top 12 through 1996. The directors of Drum Corps Midwest voted them the Most Improved Corps Award, and DCM awarded Greg Orwoll Director of the Year honors. The Colts' best ever finish was ninth, in 1995 during a run of seven Top 12 Finals appearnces in nine years (1993-2001).
The corps started defining the Colts Style in 1998 with the 'A Capella Show,' placing greater emphasis on marching and technique. An incident that year helped the Colts family knit more tightly, and reaffirmed the family of drum corps itself. On the way to a show in Montreal, the three buses were in an accident. Six people went to the hospital, while the rest of the corps went to the stadium. All of the other corps helped the Colts regain their footing, donating food, buses, and time that night. The members and staff pulled together, and the family was made tighter.
In 1998 and '99, the Colts Style became even more evident, both on and off the field. The group's cornfield pratcie field was extended to give the corps a chance to get the show completely on the field, even though record Midwest heat forced them to rehearse at night. Their travels took them to Washington, D.C., where they performed at the U.S. Capitol, and the drum majors participated in a ceremony at The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. And at the '99 Madison DCI Championships, the corps found themselves with a World Champion cymbal line, which scored of 97 out of 100 in the Individual and Ensemble competition.
After a large age-out, the corps was full of mostly new staff and membership (average age 17.5) in 2000, creating an energetic atmosphere, but Semifinals were as close as the corps would get, with a 14th-place finish. The 2000 banquet was hosted in the new Colts Community Center, the first property the corps has owned.
With most of the staff and members returning in 2001, it was easy to pick up where the 2000 corps left off. All season, the Colts were performing at a higher level than had been reached in previous years. On Semifinals night, the corps placed 12th, sending them back for a Saturday night at Finals. This was an experience that many members of the corps had yet to share, making the evening that much more special. Overall, the corps grew as a family and matured as a performing organization.
From 2002 through 2017, the Colts have remained a strong competitor, but have returned to DCI Finals only in 2007, with a 10th place finish. Only the growth in strenght of sll the other World Class corps has held the corps out of Finals.
[Colts Youth Organization; Drum Corps World, (various issues); Drum Corps International; A History of Drum & Bugle Corps, Vol. 2]
Highest Score 82.300
Final show in DCX Archives August 17, 1969 Marion WI placed 1 with a score of 58.250
Highest Score 70.750
Final show in DCX Archives January 1, 1970 Out Of The Spotlight Waterloo IA placed 2 with a score of 70.750
Highest Score 69.000
Final show in DCX Archives July 10, 1971 North American Open Prelims Milwaukee WI placed 11 with a score of 69.000
Highest Score 74.500
Final show in DCX Archives August 23, 1972 VFW Nationals Minneapolis MN placed 9 with a score of 73.350
Highest Score 72.950
Final show in DCX Archives August 22, 1973 VFW Nationals New Orleans LA placed 5 with a score of 72.950
Highest Score 62.050
Final show in DCX Archives August 9, 1974 U.S. Open Prelims Marion OH placed 18 with a score of 60.500
Highest Score 69.600
Final show in DCX Archives August 15, 1975 DCI World Championships - Prelims Philadelphia PA placed 30 with a score of 66.400
Highest Score 71.250
Final show in DCX Archives August 20, 1976 DCI World Championships - Prelims Philadelphia PA placed 25 with a score of 71.250
Highest Score 74.950
Final show in DCX Archives August 20, 1977 American Legion National-Prelims Denver CO placed 11 with a score of 74.950
Highest Score 68.650
Final show in DCX Archives August 17, 1978 DCI World Championships - Prelims Boulder CO placed 27 with a score of 68.650
Highest Score 65.800
Final show in DCX Archives August 17, 1979 DCI World Championships - Prelims Birmingham AL placed 35 with a score of 63.300
Highest Score 68.650
Final show in DCX Archives August 15, 1980 DCI World Championships Prelims Birmingham AL placed 28 with a score of 61.100
Highest Score 64.950
Final show in DCX Archives August 21, 1981 DCI World Championships Prelims Montreal QUE Canada placed 28 with a score of 64.050
Highest Score 70.900
Final show in DCX Archives August 20, 1982 DCI World Championships Prelims Montreal QUE Canada placed 24 with a score of 67.200
Highest Score 60.750
Final show in DCX Archives August 19, 1983 DCI World Championships Semi Finals Miami FL placed 22 with a score of 60.600
Highest Score 77.600
Final show in DCX Archives August 17, 1984 DCI World Championships Semi Finals Atlanta GA placed 23 with a score of 70.400
Highest Score 81.700
Final show in DCX Archives August 16, 1985 DCI World Championships Semi Finals Madison WI placed 16 with a score of 80.900
Highest Score 77.500
Final show in DCX Archives August 15, 1986 DCI World Championships Semi Finals Madison WI placed 20 with a score of 74.700
Highest Score 77.600
Final show in DCX Archives August 14, 1987 DCI World Championships Semi Finals Madison WI placed 20 with a score of 76.500
Highest Score 80.200
Final show in DCX Archives August 19, 1988 DCI World Championships Semi Finals Kansas City MO placed 18 with a score of 78.500
Highest Score 77.100
Final show in DCX Archives August 17, 1989 DCI World Championships Quarter Finals Kansas City MO placed 21 with a score of 73.600
Highest Score 72.800
Final show in DCX Archives August 16, 1990 DCI World Championships Quarter Finals Buffalo NY placed 23 with a score of 72.800
Highest Score 72.100
Final show in DCX Archives August 15, 1991 DCI World Championships Quarter Finals Dallas TX placed 22 with a score of 72.100
Highest Score 76.000
Final show in DCX Archives August 13, 1992 DCI World Championships Quarter Finals Madison WI placed 20 with a score of 75.500
Highest Score 84.200
Final show in DCX Archives August 21, 1993 DCI World Championships Jackson MS placed 12 with a score of 81.600
Highest Score 83.100
Final show in DCX Archives August 20, 1994 DCI World Championships Foxboro MA placed 12 with a score of 80.100
Highest Score 86.300
Final show in DCX Archives August 12, 1995 DCI World Championships Buffalo NY placed 9 with a score of 86.300
Highest Score 86.800
Final show in DCX Archives August 17, 1996 DCI World Championships Orlando FL placed 11 with a score of 81.300
Highest Score 85.000
Final show in DCX Archives August 15, 1997 DCI World Championships Semi Finals Orlando FL placed 13 with a score of 84.100
Highest Score 87.300
Final show in DCX Archives August 15, 1998 DCI World Championships Orlando FL placed 12 with a score of 85.300
Highest Score 86.000
Final show in DCX Archives August 14, 1999 DCI World Championships Madison WI placed 12 with a score of 86.000
Highest Score 84.300
Final show in DCX Archives August 11, 2000 DCI World Championships Semi Finals College Park MD placed 14 with a score of 82.300
Highest Score 87.200
Final show in DCX Archives August 11, 2001 DCI Championships - DCI I Finals Buffalo NY placed 12 with a score of 84.900
Highest Score 86.450
Final show in DCX Archives August 9, 2002 World Championships Semifinals Madison WI placed 15 with a score of 83.900
Highest Score 81.350
Final show in DCX Archives August 8, 2003 DCI Championships - Div I Semifinals Orlando FL placed 16 with a score of 80.050
Highest Score 82.375
Final show in DCX Archives August 6, 2004 DCI World Championships - Div I Semi Finals Denver CO placed 16 with a score of 81.325
Highest Score 84.350
Final show in DCX Archives August 12, 2005 DCI World Championships - Div I Semifinals Foxboro MA placed 13 with a score of 84.075
Highest Score 84.625
Final show in DCX Archives August 11, 2006 DCI World Championships - Division I Semi Finals Madison WI placed 13 with a score of 83.050
Highest Score 87.075
Final show in DCX Archives August 11, 2007 DCI World Championships Finals Pasadena CA placed 10 with a score of 86.150
Highest Score 85.175
Final show in DCX Archives August 8, 2008 World Class Semi-Finals Bloomington IN placed 14 with a score of 85.175
Highest Score 85.600
Final show in DCX Archives August 7, 2009 DCI World Championships World Class Semifinals Indianapolis IN placed 13 with a score of 85.600
Highest Score 84.750
Final show in DCX Archives August 13, 2010 World Class Semifinals Indianapolis IN placed 13 with a score of 84.650
Highest Score 82.250
Final show in DCX Archives August 12, 2011 DCI World Championship Semifinals Indianapolis IN placed 16 with a score of 82.250
Highest Score 79.200
Final show in DCX Archives August 10, 2012 DCI World Championship Semifinals Indianapolis IN placed 17 with a score of 79.200
Highest Score 82.450
Final show in DCX Archives August 9, 2013 DCI World Championship Semifinals Indianapolis IN placed 15 with a score of 82.450
Highest Score 85.350
Final show in DCX Archives August 8, 2014 DCI World Championship Semifinals Indianapolis IN placed 13 with a score of 85.350
Highest Score 83.350
Final show in DCX Archives August 7, 2015 DCI World Championship Semifinals Indianapolis IN placed 14 with a score of 83.025
Highest Score 82.575
Final show in DCX Archives August 12, 2016 DCI World Championship Semifinals Indianapolis IN placed 16 with a score of 81.513
Highest Score 83.888
Final show in DCX Archives August 11, 2017 DCI World Championship Semifinals presented by Earasers Indianapolis IN placed 15 with a score of 83.888
Highest Score 63.050
Final show in DCX Archives August 9, 2018 DCI World Championship Prelims Indianapolis IN United States
|Member Name||Section||Years Involved|
|(Lawson) Killey, Amy||Soprano||2000 to 2002|
|Albrecht, Bill||Baritone||2002 to 2004|
|Anderson, Jocelyn||colorguard||2002 to 2005|
|Ansley, Jake||Cymbal Line||2001 to 2004|
|Armstrong, Craig||Visual Tech||2000 to 2001|
|Armstrong, Craig||Drill Designer||2004|
|Ary, Mike||Contrabass||1998 to 1999|
|Asplund, Greg||Baritone||2002 to 2004|
|Beatty, Steve||Baritone||2002 to 2004|
|Breidigam, Nicholas||Cymbals||2009 to 2010|
|Champagne, Nic||Contra||2000 to 2001|
|Champagne, Nic||Co-Drum Major||2002|
|Champagne, Nic||Marching Tech||2004|
|Coleman, Michael||Front Ensemble||2000 to 2002|
|Crocker, Greg||Bus Driver||2000|
|De Nunzio, Ryan||Cymbal Line||1995|
|De Nunzio, Ryan||Front Ensemble/Pit||1996|
|Dearing, Jon||Soprano||1983 to 1988|
|Ewing, Janelle||Baritone||1997 to 1999|
|Fisher, Luis||Contrabass||1992 to 1994|
|Fitzsimmons, Dan||Mellophone||1991 to 1994|
|Gervais, Ben||Cymbals||2002 to 2004|
|Guns, Pam||Guard||1967 to 1971|
|Holtz, Erin||Mellophone (Auditioning)||2006|
|Hoskins, Ben||Front Ensemble||2004 to 2007|
|Hudson, Aaron||Contra||2005 to 2007|
|Johnson, Jim||Baritone||1989 to 1990|
|Johnson, Jim||Staff||1991 to 1992|
|Klawitter, Mike||Percussion-Pit||1984 to 1985|
|Lawson, Scott||Baritone||1996 to 2000|
|Ledezma, Ismael||Visual Staff||2009 to 2011|
|Leitzke, Mike||Percussion Staff||2010|
|Lineberry, Kent||tenor line||1996 to 1999|
|Low- Underwood, Amanda||Front Ensemble||1998|
|Magrini, Vince||Contra/Baritone||1982 to 1983|
|Magrini, Vincent||Brass||1982 to 1983|
|Majors, Aaron||Soprano||2002 to 2003|
|McKeown, Phillip||Bass Line||1998|
|Middleton, Paul||Contra||1985 to 1986|
|Miller, Jr., J. J.||Tenors||1979 to 1986|
|Morley, David||Soprano||2001 to 2002|
|Neimeyer, Daniel||Drumset (leisure line)||1986|
|Nelson, Kayla||Baritone||2001 to 2004|
|Nelson, Tony||Color Guard||2004|
|Osborne, Allen||Percussion (Snare)||1993 to 1994|
|Pressley, David||driver||1993 to 1999|
|Reder, Rob||Front Ensemble||2003|
|Reed, Michael||Brass Staff||2001|
|Rogers, Brandon||Mellophone||2004 to 2005|
|Ross, Dilan||Back Field Conductor||2003|
|Schultz, Timothy||Baritone||2004 to 2005; 2007|
|Schunk, Carter||Trumpet||2017 to 2018|
|Schwarz, Dana||Colorguard||2004 to 2005|
|Smith, Joe||Mellophone||2003 to 2004|
|Splitter, LeAnn||Soprano||2001 to 2002|
|Splitter, LeAnn||Visual Staff||2003 to 2006|
|Stegall, Floyd||Management||1991 to 1996|
|Swift, Grant||Contra||2004 to 2006|
|Viviano, Joseph||Front Ensemble||2004 to 2005|
|Wear, Ryan||Tenors||2000; 2002|
|Wong, Nick||Baritone||2006 to 2007|
|zimmermann, judy||brass||1968 to 1972|
CORPS 5 items